Covid-19 Vaccination for Persons with Disability, Attitude and Uptake Survey Pilot Report.

July 12th to 16th 2021.

Executive Summary:

The Covid-19 Vaccination for Persons with Disability, Attitude and Uptake Survey Pilot was organized with the support and cooperation of:

  • Department of Women and Child Development Government of Karnataka (GOK);
  • Department of Empowerment of Differently Abled and Senior Citizens GOK; 
  • BBMP Bengaluru;
  • Karnataka State Legal Services Authority Bengaluru;
  • Carers Worldwide and
  • Amend Bengaluru

Need for the survey was highlighted by the Disability Commissioner’s Office GOK. The survey was administered by Disability Entrepreneurship And Leadership Foundation as part of its response to the second wave of Covid-19 Pandemic.

The survey was carried out using a random sampling method over the period 12th to 16th July.

A five-point Likert Scale Questionnaire was developed and used to capture a greater degree of nuanced opinion on Covid-19 Vaccination uptake by survey respondents than seeking a simple (yes/no) response. Residents from 386 households from Yediyur Ward located in South Bengaluru took part in the survey.

The survey data shows that:

  • Majority of respondents (91%) said they were very certain about taking the Covid-19 Vaccination.
  • 66% respondents said that their decision to get vaccinated depended on members of their household.
  • Nearly 11% respondents said they were unlikely to get vaccinated without help from others.
  • Majority of respondents (88%) said that help should be offered to persons with disability to get vaccinated.
  • Similarly, 84% respondents said help should be offered to carers of persons with disability to get vaccinated.
  • An overwhelming majority of respondents (90%) said that help offered to persons with disability to get vaccinated would result in more persons getting vaccinated.
  • Majority of households taking part in the survey (90%) included one or more persons aged above 18 and below 44 years. Around 77% households also included persons who were aged 45 years and above.
  • A total of 87% respondents said they would consider taking the vaccine with 10% respondents stating they would overlook taking the vaccine. 8% of respondents said they would overlook due to concerns of safety and/or side effects and the remainder (2%) of respondents cited personal beliefs as the reason to overlook taking the vaccine.

Data from the survey pilot provides useful insights into attitudes and opinion on the uptake of Covid-19 Vaccination in the general population and how they view the situation as it relates to persons with disability.

Insights gained from the pilot survey, can help improve targeting of persons with disability and rollout of the Government’s Covid-19 Vaccination Programme.  Further research and analysis on lived experiences of persons with disability will be required to improve Covid-19 Vaccination delivery and understand true impact the Pandemic is continuing to have in the lives of persons with disability.

 This requires additional resources, integrated policy response and a holistic approach to inclusion. All of which would be beyond the scope of this pilot survey, and warrant a wider discussion and response from different stakeholders involved.

Background:

Disability Entrepreneurship And Leadership (DEAL) Foundation works across Bengaluru, Gadag and Haveri Districts to promote inclusive and sustainable development.

Working as a catalyst, its goal is to create sustainable livelihoods for 5000 households of persons with disability by 2025.

The survey was administered by Disability Entrepreneurship And Leadership Foundation as part of its response to the second wave of Covid-19 Pandemic.

 Details on the work of the organization including its response to the Pandemic can be accessed at:

www.deal-foundation.com

Methodology:

The Covid-19 Vaccination for Persons with Disability, Attitude and Uptake Survey Pilot was developed in consultation with:

  • Office of the Disability Commissioner;
  • Department of Women and Child Development Government of Karnataka (GOK);
  • Department of Empowerment of Differently Abled and Senior Citizens GOK; 
  • BBMP Bengaluru;
  • Karnataka State Legal Services Authority Bengaluru;
  • Carers Worldwide and
  • Amend Bengaluru.

Views were invited to determine nature and scope of questions to be included in the survey.

A five-point Likert Scale Questionnaire was developed and used to capture a greater degree of nuanced opinion on Covid-19 Vaccination uptake by survey respondents than seeking a simple (yes/no) response.

To avoid acquiescence response bias, the questionnaire was designed using a set of easy, simple and closed questions    with pre-populated answer choices to measure one attitude to another with a moderate or neutral option on the Likert Scale.

Response options on the five-point Likert Scale were labeled to ensure respondents easily understood each end of the positive or negative range.

The odd number of values on the five-point Likert Scale was adopted with a midpoint to avoid respondents picking pre-populated answers randomly.

Care was taken to ensure response options were equally spaced from each other and they covered the entire range allowing for continuity and inclusivity.

Using total population size of persons with disability as per 2011 census GOI, a confidence level of 95%, and 5%margin of error the sample size of 384 completed surveys was arrived at.

Survey questions were uploaded online using Google Forms.

A six member staff team supported by two volunteers received orientation and training to undertake the survey.

The survey was undertaken using mobile phones with completed survey questionnaires submitted online in real-time.

Residential areas across Yediyur Ward located in South Bengaluru were randomly selected for the door-to-door survey.

Survey Findings:

Data gathered from the survey is represented below in pie-charts.

Next Steps:

  • The survey report will be shared with stakeholders involved to explore possibilities of further collaboration to improve service delivery and develop reliable data sets.
  • DEAL Foundation will work with Department of Empowerment of Differently Abled and Senior Citizens GOK to identify practical steps it can take as part of its Covid-19 response and recovery activities.
  • The survey will be uploaded across DEAL Foundation and other websites.
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